William MacGregor (1846-1919), Administrator and Lieutenant-Governor of British New Guinea from 1888-98. Born in Scotland, MacGregor gained a medical degree from Edinburgh University, and joined the British Colonial service in 1872. After serving for three years in the Seychelles and Mauritius, and 13 years in Fiji, he was appointed Administrator of British New Guinea. In 1889 he was knighted and in 1895 made Lieutenant-Governor. In New Guinea MacGregor established an administrative network which linked Port Moresby, the headquarters, with other known parts of the Protectorate, encouraged exploration and established a police force. In 1890 he arranged a conference at which the London Missionary Society, the Anglicans and the Methodists divided the territory into “spheres of influence”. His attempts to prevent gross exploitation of the local people by white plantation owners and gold miners made him unpopular with many settlers. He left New Guinea in 1898 to become Governor of Lagos. His final term as Governor was in Queensland, Australia, where he also became the first Chancellor of the University of Queensland.
More about William MacGregor: http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/macgregor-sir-william-4097