Jant, a subsidiary of a Japanese company, signed an agreement with the colonial Administration in 1971 to exploit the timber resources of the Gogol region of Madang Province. In spite of opposition from the local people, who had not been consulted about the project, logging began in 1973. Some of the people were concerned by the physical destruction of the environment, including the removal of clay from which they made pots which were an important item of trade. Others were concerned that they were receiving low royalty payments and were not being given employment opportunities with the project. These concerns were not addressed by the national government after Independence in 1975 and the company was still operating and the local people still complaining in 1993.