Bronisław Kasper Malinowski (1884-1942), Polish-born anthropologist who studied the people of Mailu island in southeast Papua and spent two-and-a-half years working in the Trobriand Islands. In 1914, while Malinowski was on his way to Australia to attend a meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, World War I broke out and, as he was then an Austrian citizen, he could have been interned in Australia. After the intervention of Australian academics he was allowed to undertake anthropological field work in Papua. Malinowski wrote books and many papers and developed the anthropological theory known as functionalism. He became Reader in Social Anthropology at the University of London in 1924 and the first Professor of Anthropology at that University in 1927.